14 oct. 2012

Berlin City

Berlin is the capital  city of Germany  and one of the 16 states of Germany.Berlin is Germany's largest city and is the second most populous city proper and the ninth most populous urban area in the European Union.Located in northeastern Germany on the River Spree ,it is the center of the Berlin - Brandenburg Metropolitan Region.Berlin Berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media, and science.
Berlin is home to renowned universities, research institutes, orchestras, museums, and celebrities and is host to many sporting events.Its urban setting and historical legacy have made it a popular location for international film production.The city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts, public transportation networks, and a high quality of living.
As a result of the political and economical tensions brought on by the Cold War, on 13 August 1961, East Germany began the building of the Berlin Wall between East and West Berlin and similar barriers around West Berlin, and events escalated to a tank standoff at Checkpoint Charlie,the last picture, on 27 October 1961. West Berlin was now de facto a part of West Germany with a unique legal status, while East Berlin was de facto a part of East Germany.
In 1989, with the end of the Cold War and pressure from the East German population, the Berlin Wall fell on 9 November and was subsequently mostly demolished, with little of its physical structure remaining today; the East Side Gallery in Friedrichshain  near the Oberbaumbrücke over the Spree preserves a portion of the Wall.
On 3 October 1990, the two parts of Germany were reunified  as the Federal Republic of Germany, and Berlin again became the official German capital. In June 1991, the German Parliament, the Bundestag , voted the Hauptstadtbeschluss  to move the seat of the (West) German capital back from Bonn to Berlin, which was completed in 1999.
The Brandenburg Gate is an iconic landmark of Berlin and Germany. It also appears on German euro coins (10 cent, 20 cent, and 50 cent).
The Fernsehturm (TV tower) at Alexanderplatz  in Mitte  is among the tallest structures in the European Union at 368 metres (1,207 ft).
The Reichstag building is the traditional seat of the German Parliament, renovated in the 1950s after severe World War II damage. The building was again remodeled by British architect in  the 1990s and features a glass dome over the session area, which allows free public access to the parliamentary proceedings and magnificent views of the city.

Modern Downtown

Jews Museum

The Reichstag building, German Parliament

Railway Station

Panorama : front of railway station

Brandenburg Gate

  Humboldt University

 Berlin Map :)

The Fernsehturm (TV tower)

      Checkpoint Charlie